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Trailblazing in Cybersecurity Domain Career Prospects and Programs to Secure the Future!

Masoom Khare, a Special correspondent at Education Post writes about how technology seamlessly is integrating into our daily lives, generating a swag of valuable data with every click and action we take

Education Post18 December 2023 04:46

Trailblazing in Cybersecurity Domain Career Prospects and Programs to Secure the Future!

Introduction

In our fast-paced digital era, technology seamlessly integrates into our daily lives, generating a swag of valuable data with every click and action we take. This includes personal information, intellectual property, sensitive internal information, government information and so forth. Safeguarding this treasure trove of valuable information stored in the cyber world from a myriad of cyber threats is paramount, as none of us wish to see it fall into the wrong hands.

Therefore Cybersecurity, the modern shield against hacking, phishing scams, ransomware attacks, and data breaches has become more critical than ever before. It encompasses a range of strategies and technologies aimed at fortifying digital devices, software, networks, and data against unauthorized access, theft, damage, or alteration. It is also referred to as Information Security (INFOSEC), Information Assurance (IA), or System Security.

It’s the discipline that stands as a bulwark against the rising tide of cyber threats, ensuring that our digital realm remains a safe space for innovation, communication, and collaboration.

As mentioned earlier, on one hand digital footprint expands exponentially, driven by relentless technological progress in IoT, AI, and ML, and on the other hand the corresponding risk posed by a multitude of cyber threats has surged. Simultaneously, companies, industries, and governments are taking proactive strides to fortify their defences, deploying cutting-edge cybersecurity measures to thwart these looming threats.

This surge in cyber-vigilance has given rise to an unprecedented demand for cybersecurity professionals equipped with advanced technical expertise in the field. These experts play a pivotal role in safeguarding the digital realm, ensuring that our interconnected world continues to thrive securely and without compromise.

Different types of Cybersecurity

  1. Network Security: It involves securing a computer network infrastructure from any external cyber threats and includes different technologies like firewalls, intrusion, detection and prevention system (IDPS), VPNs, and network monitoring to protect against unauthorized access, attacks, and misuse.
  2. Information or Data security: Information or data security focuses on protecting sensitive information from unauthorized access, disclosure, alteration, or destruction and involves measures like encryption, access control, and data classification.
  3. Cloud Security: It involves securing data, applications, and services that are hosted in cloud environment against multiple threats.
  4. Application Security: It mainly focuses on securing software application. It includes identifying and mitigating vulnerabilities in code, as well as ensuring that applications are designed with security in mind.

Key Components of Cybersecurity

  • Confidentiality: This aspect ensures that sensitive information is accessible only to those who have the proper authorization. Different measures like encryption, access controls, and secure communication protocols help to maintain confidentiality.
  • Integrity: It ensures that the sensitive data and systems are accurate, reliable, and secure from any unauthorized modifications or tampering. Implementing techniques such as data validation, checksums, and digital signatures helps maintain data integrity.
  • Availability: This ensures that systems, networks, and data are accessible and operational when needed without any interruption or downtime.
  • Authentication: Once a user or system is authenticated, authorization determines what level of access or privileges they have. Access controls, role-based access control (RBAC), and permissions are key components of authorization.
  • Authorization: Granting specific permissions and privileges to authenticated users or systems, and allowing them to access specific resources.
  • Network Security: Protecting the integrity and confidentiality of data during transmission over networks, such as the internet.
  • Endpoint Security: Securing individual devices (endpoints) like computers, smartphones, and tablets to prevent unauthorized access or malicious activities.
  • Application Security: Ensuring that software applications are designed and developed with security in mind to prevent vulnerabilities and exploits.
  • Data Security: Protecting the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of data through measures like encryption, access controls, and backup.
  • Cryptography: Using mathematical techniques to secure information, ensuring that it remains confidential and cannot be tampered with during transmission or storage.

The Booming Demand for Cybersecurity Professionals

There is a booming demand for Cybersecurity Professionals in the market today, and here are few statistics that illustrate this fact:

  • High Demand: The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics projected 35% job growth for information security analysts from 2021 to 2031. Also 74% increase in cybersecurity job postings from 2019 to 2020, as per job market analytics, showing a rising industry demand.
  • Global Shortage of Cybersecurity Professionals: According to the (ISC)² Cybersecurity Workforce Study, there was a global shortage of almost 3.12 million cybersecurity professionals in 2020, which is expected to rise in future.
  • Regulatory Compliance Requirements & Government Initiatives: Data protection legislation has required organisations to recruit cybersecurity professionals to ensure compliance. It also includes funding for education and training programmes in this field
  • Cybersecurity Ventures’ Predictions: According to Cybersecurity Ventures, the global cybersecurity market is predicted to grow at an annual growth rate of 9.4% from $167.1 billion in 2019 to $270.3 billion by 2026.
  • Emerging Technologies: Emerging technologies like IoT and AI have created new cybersecurity challenges with the increasing demand for cybersecurity professionals.
  • High Salary Package: According to Payscale, cybersecurity engineers have a highly competitive average base salary as compared to other jobs.

Unlock the Cybersecurity Journey: Which Level Fits Your Journey?

There are different levels of courses in cybersecurity, from diploma to Ph.D. and students can opt for them depending on their career goal. Let’s have a glimpse of these courses which are being offered in top engineering colleges in India.

  1. Diploma Course in Cybersecurity: Diploma program in Cybersecurity is a specialised program designed to provide students with foundational understanding of cybersecurity concepts, including network security, information security, ethical hacking, incident response and basic risk management.

Course Eligibility: Candidates looking for a diploma program in cybersecurity need to have completed their high school education (10+2) or an equivalent qualification.

  1. Undergraduate Course (BSc./B.Tech in Cybersecurity): Tech in Cybersecurity is a widely popular four-year undergraduate degree programme that focuses on the study of how to protect computer systems and networks from theft or damage to their hardware, software or electronic data. The course is designed to understand the process, and practices, and gain knowledge regarding unauthorized access, and protection of networks, computers, programs, and data from unknown attacks.

Course Eligibility:The undergraduate course is offered to the students who have passed 10+2 with Maths, Biology, Physics and Chemistry from a recognized school board with an aggregate of 50% aggregate score in the final examination. The admission process is either entrance exam-based or merit-based.

  1. Post-Graduate Course (M.Sc./M.Tech): Master of Science or M.Sc. in Cyber Security is a 2-year long postgraduate level degree course mainly focussing on the advanced knowledge and skills related to major topics like network security, information security, application security, operational security, disaster recovery, and cyber laws. It includes the study of communication networks and technologies along with the analysis of legal and ethical issues in cyber security and covers all the aspects of cyber security, ethical hacking, data encryption and hacking prevention in complete detail. It includes subjects like Digital Security, Cryptography, Digital Forensics, Malware Functionality, etc.

Course Eligibility: The candidate must have completed a B.Sc. or BE/BTech degree in Computer Science, IT, Cyber Security or any other equivalent degree from a recognized institution with a minimum aggregate score of 50% to be eligible for M.Sc. course in Cyber Security. Almost all the best colleges for cyber security in India offer this M.Sc. Courses in Cybersecurity select candidates based on the marks obtained in the last qualifying exam.

  1. PG Diploma Course in Cybersecurity: The PG Diploma Course in cybersecurity is a two-years advanced level program that focuses on providing students with in-depth knowledge and skills in the field of cybersecurity. It is designed for individuals who already possess a foundational understanding of computer science or information technology and wish to specialise in cybersecurity. The program covers various topics including network security, cryptography, secure software development, and computer forensics.

Course Eligibility: Candidates looking for a PG diploma course in cybersecurity required a bachelor’s degree in computer science, engineering, or a related field with an aggregate score ranging between 50% to 60% marks in the final examination.

  1. D. Program in Cybersecurity: A Ph.D. in Cyber Security is the highest research-based academic credential in cybersecurity and mainly focuses on advanced concepts, theories, and practices related to cybersecurity. The course typically takes between 2 to 5 years to complete and requires a strong background in computer science or a related field. In this advanced program, students are required to conduct original research and defend a dissertation under the guidance of an advisor. Graduates of a Ph.D. program in cyber security may go on to pursue careers in academia, industry, or government agencies. With a doctoral degree, professionals not only qualify for the highest-level positions in the field, but also research jobs that help shape the future of cybersecurity.

Course Eligibility: The applicant looking for admission in Ph.D. in Cybersecurity in top colleges in India should possess

  • ME./ M.Tech./ M.S., or equivalent degree
  • BE./ B.Tech./ B.S. (4-year Bachelor of Science), or equivalent Degree with a minimum of one-year academic experience
  • MSc./ M.C.A., or an equivalent degree: The applicants should show evidence of a strong academic record. Excellent test scores on standardised graduate aptitude tests such as GATE or GRE, and publications in recognised conferences and journals are examples of such evidence.
Course NameDurationCourse Eligibility
Diploma Course in Cybersecurity (after +2)2 YearsCandidates looking for a diploma program in cybersecurity need to have completed their high school education (10+2) or an equivalent qualification.
BSc./B.Tech in Cybersecurity4 YearsThis course is offered to only those students who have passed 10+ 2 with Maths, Biology, Physics and Chemistry from a recognized school board with an aggregate of 50% aggregate score in the final examination.
(M.Sc./ M.Tech)2 YearsCandidate must have completed a B.Sc. or BE/BTech degree in Computer Science, IT, Cyber Security or any other equivalent degree from a recognized institution with a minimum aggregate score of 50%
PG Diploma Program in Cybersecurity2 YearsCandidates looking for a PG diploma course in cybersecurity required a bachelor’s degree in computer science, engineering, or a related field with an aggregate score ranging between 50% to 60% marks in the final examination.
Ph.D. Program in Cybersecurity2 to 5 YearsM.E./ M.Tech./ M.S., or equivalent Degree B.E./ B.Tech./ B.S. (4-year Bachelor of Science), or equivalent Degree with a minimum of one-year academic experience M.Sc./ M.C.A., or an equivalent Degree

Emerging Job Roles in the Cybersecurity Domain

The cybersecurity domain presents an expansive array of dynamic and lucrative job prospects for students. Among these, several highly sought-after roles await graduates and postgraduates who have pursued diverse courses in cybersecurity. These positions like Cybersecurity Analyst, Security Engineer/Architect, Penetration Tester/ Ethical Hacker, Incident Responder, Security Consultant, Cybersecurity Manager/Director, Threat Intelligence Analyst, and Security Auditor/ Compliance Analyst, promises not only professional growth but also the opportunity to make a significant impact in the field of digital security.

Conclusion

In today’s digital era, cybersecurity is a vital shield against a rising tide of cyber threats. Therefore, the demand for cybersecurity professionals is booming, and a range of educational programs caters to aspiring experts at all levels. As technology advances, the role of these professionals becomes increasingly critical. A career in cybersecurity offers immense opportunity to safeguard our digital world and shape a secure future.

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